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Herbs Used in Ayurveda

acorus_calamus

crocus_sativus

asparagus_racemosus

datura_metel

artemisia_absinthium

With the growing popularity of natural health care, an increasing number of people are discovering the health benefits of the herbs that play essential roles in this millennia-old system of healing called Ayurveda. Below is a brief list of Ayurvedic herbs and some of their common indications in non-Ayurvedic terms for the general public.

Latin Name

Sanskrit Name

Main Indications in Ayurveda

Acorus calamus

Vacha

nervine, antispasmatic, sedative, stomachic, expectorant, emetic, laxative, diuretic

Artemesia absinthium

Indhana

anthelminthic

Artemisia vulgaris

Nagadamni

anthelminthic, expectorant

Asparagus racemosus

Shatavari

galactogogic, antispasmodic, antidiarrhetic, demulcent

Azadirachta indica

Neem, Arishta

skin disease, blood disease, antibacterial

Bacopa monnieri

Brahmi

nervine tonic, diuretic, sedative

Boerhavia diffusa

Punarnava

diuretic, expectorant, laxative

Boswellia serrata

Shallaki

antiarthritic, analgesic, antiinflammatory

Buchanania lazan

Piyala

skin disease, laxative

Butea monosperma

Palasa

diarrhea, flatulence, anthelminthic

Callicarpa macrophylla

Pringu

joint pain, skin disease, blooddisease

Calotropis gigantea

Alarka

bronchitis, diarrhea, tonic

Cannabis indica

Bhanga

insomnia, cachexia, dysmenorrhea

Capiscum annum

Katuvira

rubefacient, stimulant, tonic

Carum carvi

Krishnajira

flatulence, stomachic

Carum copticum

Yamani, Ajowan

spastic bowel, flatulence, dyspepsia

Cassia angustifolia

Markandika

constipation, liver disease, joint pain

Cassia fistula

Argbhada

ringworm, constipation, fever, antibacterial

Cedrus deodara

Devadaru

fever, diarrhea, urinary disorders

Centella asiatica

Mandukaparni

tonic, sedative, alterative, anxiolytic

Cichorium intybus

Kasni

emmenogogue, digestive

Cinnamomum camphora

Karpoor

diarrhea, nervousness, muscular pain, fever

Crocus sativus

Kumkuma

nervine sedative, emmenogogue, aphrodisiac

Cinnamomum zeylanicum

Twak

dyspepsia, flatulence, diarrhea, menorrhagia

Cissampelos pareira

Laghu Patha spastic

bowel, uterine prolapse,alterative

Clitoria ternatea

Aparajita

constipation, edema, anthelminthic,demulcent

Cocos nucifera

Narikela

fever, pharyngitis, skin disorders, alterative

Coleus aromaticus

Pashanbheda

kidney stones, conjunctivits, spastic colon

Cordia myxa (obliqua)

Shleshmataka

expectorant, colic, dyspepsia, ulcers, cough

Coriandrum sativum

Dhanyaka

flatulence, colic, joint pain, antiseptic

Crinum deflexum (asiaticum)

Sudarshan

emetic, inflammatory conditions

Cuminum cyminum

Jeeraka

diarrhea, dyspepsia, antiseptic,hookworm

Curculigo orchiodes

Talamulika

hemmorrhoids, asthma, kidney stones, skin

Curcuma longa

Haridra

arthritic pain, antiinflammatory, skin disease

Curcuma zedoaria

Shati

cough, asthma, leukorrhea, tonsillitis

Cynodon dactylon

Doorwa

diuretic, styptic, hematuria, hemmorrhoids

Cyperus rotundus

Mustaka

antiinflammatory, flatulence, fever, estrogenic

Datura metal

Dattura

antispasmodic, jointpain, asthma, dysmenorrhea

Daucus carota

Garijara

blood purifier, nervine tonic, jaundice

Dolichos biflorus

Kulitha

edema, kidney stone, asthma, dysmenorrhea, tumors

Eclipta Alba

Bhringaraj

hepatic deobstruent and tonic, alterative, emetic, purgative, antiseptic, antiviral

Elettaria cardamomum

Ela Chhoti

bronchitis, flatulence, dyspepsia, hemorrhoids

Emblica officinalis

Amalaki

fruit: cooling, laxative, stomachic, tonic, diuretic

Evolvulus alsinoides

Shankapushpi

anxiety, diarrhea, bronchitis, memory loss, fever

Ferula foetida

Hingu

flatulence, cough, constipation, palpitations,aphrodisia

Ficus religiosa

Aswatha

ulcers, skin disease, diabetes, constipation

Ficus racemosa

Udumbara

diarrhea, hemorrhoids, bleeding disorders, antiseptic

Foeniculum vulgare

Satupuspa

cough, flatulence, dysmenorrhea, hookworm, edema

Grewia hirsuta

Nagbala

diarrhea, wounds, heart disease, fever

Gmelina arborea

Gambhari

general tonic, to increase strength, antiviral, indigestion

Gymnema sylvestre

Meshasringa

diuretic, astringent, hypoglycemic, refrigerant, stomachic

Hemidesmus indicus

Sariva

excellent alterative, to increase appetite, cough, skin

Holarrhena antidysenterica

Kutaja

diarrhea, dysentery, amebiasis, anthelminthic

Hyoscyamus niger

Yavani

chronic dementia, hysteria, palpitations, asthma, sedative

Hyssopus officinalis

Zupha

cough, asthma, bronchitis, amenorrhea

Ipomoea digitata

Vidari

cough, hoarseness, respiratory stimulant, tonic

Justicia adhatoda

Vasaka

bronchitis, asthma, jaundice, antispasmodic

Linum usitatissimum

Uma

cystitis, bronchitis, boils, expectorant, demulcent

Luffa acutangula

Koshataki

splenomegaly, emetic, excellent for skin disease, expectorant

Madhuca longifolia

Madhuca

tonsillitis, cough, rheumatic joints, diabetes, appetizer

Michelia champaca

Champaka

gastritis, chronic arthritis (?), emmenagogue, diuretic, colic

Mimosa pudica

Lajjalu

menorrhagia, hemorrhoids,skin wounds, diarrhea

Mimusops elengi

Bakula

tonic, cardiotonic, urogenital disease, snakebite, skin sores

Morinda citrofolia

Ach

acne, eczema, hyperlipidemia,brochitis, diarrhea

Moringa oleifera

Sigru

source of vitamin C, colds, boils, fever, joint pain, gout

Mucuna pruriens

Kapikachchha

nervine tonic, aphrodisiac, parkinsonism, hypercholesterolemia

Nardostachys jatamansi

Jatamansi

nervousness, anxiety, dysmenorrhea, insomnia, hair tonic

Nelumbo nucifera

Parijata

refrigerant, sedative, demulcent

Nyctanthes arbor-tristis

Parijata

liver diseases, constipation, anthelminthic, antihistaminic

Ocimum sanctum

Tulasi

demulcent, expectorant, anticatarrhal, antispasmodic, anthelminthic

Paederia foetida

Prasarini

rheumatic joint pain, edema, bladderstones(?),inflammation

Papaver somniferum

Ahiphenam

anxiety, diarrhea, aphrodisiac, sedative

Peucedanum graveolens

Satapushpi

flatulence, colic, abscesses, digestive

Phyllanthus fraternus

Bhumiamalaki

jaundice, liver disease, fever, genitourinary disease, edema

Picrorhiza kurroa

Katuki

hepatitis, asthma, anorexia

Piper nigrum

Maricha

dyspepsia, cough, pharyngitis, headache, diarrhea

Plantago ovata

Isaphgol

constipation, colitis, irritable bowel, cystitis

Plumbago zeylanica

Chitraka

abortifacient, warts, rheumatic joint pain

Premna integrifolia

Agnimantha

flatulence, fever, arthritis, liver deobstruent

Prunus amygdalus

Badama

mental energy, general tonic esp. nerve & kidney, semen,

Pterocarpus santalinus

Rakta Chandana

skin tonic, liver disorders, fever

Punica granatum

Dadima

anthelminthic (esp. tapeworm), diarrhea, dyspepsia

Randia dumentorium

Madana

fruit and rind are emetic, diaphoretic, and antispasmodic; bark is sedative and nervine calmative.

Rauwolfia Serpentina

Sarpagandha

hypertension, anxiety, insomnia, colic

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