A+ A A-

History Book Bias

"History is the memory of states," wrote Henry Kissinger in his first book, A World Restored, in which he proceeded to tell the history of nineteenth-century Europe from the viewpoint of the leaders of Austria and England, ignoring the millions who suffered from those statesmen's policies. From his standpoint, the "peace" that Europe had before the French Revolution was "restored" by the diplomacy of a few national leaders. But for factory workers in England, farmers in France, colored people in Asia and Africa, women and children everywhere except in the upper classes, it was a world of conquest, violence, hunger, exploitation-a world not restored but disintegrated.

My viewpoint, in telling the history of the United States, is different: that we must not accept the memory of states as our own. Nations are not communities and never have been. The history of any country, presented as the history of a family, conceals fierce conflicts of interest (sometimes exploding, most often repressed) between conquerors and conquered, masters and slaves, capitalists and workers, dominators and dominated in race and sex. And in such a world of conflict, a world of victims and executioners, it is the job of thinking people, as Albert Camus suggested, not to be on the side of the executioners.

Thus, in that inevitable taking of sides which comes from selection and emphasis in history, I prefer to try to tell the story of the discovery of America from the viewpoint of the Arawaks, of the Constitution from the standpoint of the slaves, of Andrew Jackson as seen by the Cherokees, of the Civil War as seen by the New York Irish, of the Mexican war as seen by the deserting soldiers of Scott's army, of the rise of industrialism as seen by the young women in the Lowell textile mills, of the Spanish-American war as seen by the Cubans, the conquest of the Philippines as seen by black soldiers on Luzon, the Gilded Age as seen by southern farmers, the First World War as seen by socialists, the Second World War as seen by pacifists, the New Deal as seen by blacks in Harlem, the postwar American empire as seen by peons in Latin America. And so on, to the limited extent that any one person, however he or she strains, can "see" history from the standpoint of others.

 

Excerpted from the book "History is a Weapon" by Howard Zinn

Source Here

Free Reading Here!!

crystal-wind-oracle-mobile-app
 
Cut Through The Illusions!
Available On The
Apple  / Android / Amazon
NEW Expanded Version - 53 cards!
CrystalWind.ca is free to access and use.
"Would you consider a small gift of $11.11 ?" :)
ॐ Namasté - Blessings!
donatebtn
"Life is an echo, what you
send out comes back."

© 2008-2018 crystalwind.ca. All rights reserved.

Featured This Month

Page:

Mabon Magic: Ideas For Fall Decoration And R…

Mabon Magic: Ideas For Fall Decoration And Ritual

Welcome (almost!) to Fall! We’re turning the Great Wheel once again, toward ... Read more

Mabon Modern Style

Mabon Modern Style

The Mabon season begins somewhere around the 21st-22nd of September and cont... Read more

Sun in Virgo

Sun in Virgo

An Overview of Sun Sign Characteristics for Virgo The ruler of Virgo is Mer... Read more

Watermelon Tourmaline

Watermelon Tourmaline

Synonym: Rainbow Tourmaline The watermelon tourmaline is a rare variety tha... Read more

Harvest Moon

Harvest Moon

Brown Bear – Amethyst – Violet – Purple August 23 to September 22... Read more

Virgo Mythology

Virgo Mythology

The Virgo Myth In all of constellation mythology, few legends are as misund... Read more

Virgo's Featured Stone - Sugilite

Virgo's Featured Stone - Sugilite

Sugilite Birthstone: Virgo Planet: Mercury Element: Earth Chakra: Crown ... Read more

Amazonite

Amazonite

The Stone of Perfect Expression The colour of amazonite aligns to the heart a... Read more

Sweet Violet

Sweet Violet

Sweet Violet Faithfulness and modesty. “I will always be true to you.” Hel... Read more

Peridot

Peridot

The Humour Stone Peridot stone makes the life of the wearer prosperous and ha... Read more

Virgo

Virgo

VIRGO Aug 23 - Sept 22 Spirit: To follow opportunity and serve Ego: Analyti... Read more

Peridot: The Healer's Stone

Peridot: The Healer's Stone

Peridot has been used as a Power Stone for centuries. Peridot fosters emotio... Read more

Sapphire

Sapphire

The Self - Sufficiency Stone Sapphire has a calming and regulating effect o... Read more

The Vine : September 2nd - September 29th

The Vine : September 2nd - September 29th

The Autumnal Equinox ( Alban Elfed ) Celtic Symbol : The White Swan Zodiac... Read more

Mabon

Mabon

Mabon Ritual Celebrated on the Autumn Equinox, around September 21 each year... Read more

Positive SSL
© 2008-2019 CrystalWind.ca. Site Creation by CreativeInceptions.com.
X

Right Click

No right click